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解剖與生理學課程:消化系統與泌尿系統
IFPA 相關

/ 2020/07/13

THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
消化系統

 
The Student will be able to:

  • Identify the component parts of the digestive system, including the accessory organs of digestion識別消化系統的組成部分,包括消化的輔助器官
  • Name the two main functions of the digestive system列舉消化系統的兩個主要功能
  • Explain the processes of ingestion, digestion, absorption and elimination解釋攝取,消化,吸收和排出的過程
  • Describe briefly the functions of each part of the digestive system, including the accessory organs簡要描述消化系統各部分的功能,包括附屬器官
  • Define peristalsis and explain its importance in digestion定義蠕動並解釋其在消化中的重要性
  • List the gastric secretions, points of origin and explain their role in digestion列出胃分泌物的來源,並解釋它們在消化中的作用
  • Explain the general role of enzymes in digestion解釋酶在消化中的一般作用
  • Describe the structure of the small intestine & explain its role in the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in the small intestine描述小腸的結構並解釋其在消化吸收碳水化合物、脂肪和蛋白質中的作用
  • Describe the regulation of pancreatic and hepatic secretions into the duodenum描述胰腺和肝臟分泌物進入十二指腸的調節
  • Describe the structure of the large intestine and explain its role in absorption, motility and defaecation描述大腸的結構並解釋其在吸收、蠕動和排便中的作用
  • Name and describe briefly common disorders/diseases of the digestive system簡述消化系統常見疾病/病症:

-Conditions of tract or organs腸道或器官狀況:

Gingivitis牙齦炎、Oesophogeal reflux胃食道逆流、Gastric and duodenal ulcers消化性潰瘍、Stomach cancer胃癌、Hiatus hernia橫膈膜疝氣、Irritable bowel syndrome大腸激躁症、Cirrhosis 肝硬化、Hepatitis – A, B, C, D, E肝炎(類型)、Diverticulitis憩室症、Jaundice黃疸、Crohn’s disease克隆氏症、Biliary calculi (gallstones)膽結石、Colorectal cancer大腸癌、Coeliac disease麥麩/麵筋不耐症、Ulcerative colitis潰瘍性大腸炎

-Other conditions其他症狀:

Anorexia Nervosa神經性厭食、Bulimia神經性爆食 、Obesity肥胖症、Malnutrition營養不良、Diarrhea & constipation腹瀉&便秘

                                                                                                             
THE URINARY SYSTEM
泌尿系統

 
The Student will be able to:                                                  

  • Identify on a diagram the major structures of the urinary system在圖表上識別泌尿系統的主要結構
  • Describe the functions of the urinary system描述泌尿系統的功能
  • Describe the gross and microscopic structure of the kidney and its function描述腎臟的總體和特徵結構及其功能
  • Describe the structure and functions of a nephron描述腎組織的結構和功能
  • Describe briefly renal blood flow簡要描述腎血流量
  • Explain the importance of antidiuretic hormone, renin and erythropoetin解釋抗利尿荷爾蒙、腎素和紅細胞生成素的重要性
  • List the constituents of normal urine列出正常尿液的成分
  • Discuss the micturition reflex and explain the voluntary role of voiding討論排尿反射並解釋排尿的自發性作用
  • Describe the function and importance of water and electrolyte balance to the body描述水和電解質平衡對身體的作用和重要性
  • Recognise implications for the patient after renal transplant ie fluid intake認識到腎移植後患者的影響,及液體攝入
  • Name & describe briefly common disorders/diseases of the urinary system命名並簡短描述泌尿系統的常見疾病/病症:

-Inflammatory disorders發炎性疾病:e.g. urinary tract infections泌尿道感染, cystitis膀胱炎, pyelonephritis腎盂腎炎
-Renal calculi (kidney stones)腎結石
-Effects of poor and ineffective elimination消除不良和無效的影響
-Renal colic腎絞痛, insufficiency腎功能不足, failure腎功能喪失作用
-Acute glomerulonehpritis急性腎絲球腎炎
-Urinary incontinence尿失禁


關鍵字:感染,泌尿,消化,神經,

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